The Frankfurt School was a German philosophical and sociological movement formed by a group of intellectual German Jews who were linked with the Frankfurt University in 1923.
The Frankfurt school was made up by four main scholars Theodor W Adorno (Philosopher, Sociologist and Musicologist), Walter Benjamin (Essayist and literacy critic), Herbert Marcuse (Philosopher), and Max Horkheimer (Philosopher, Sociologist) and later Jurgen Habermas. .
The Frankfurt school had many ideas; the main ideas were to critique Marxism.
The Frankfurt School where all Marxists and all believed in his theories about capitalism .
However what the group of German Jewish intellectuals wanted to do was to take Marx's ideas develop them and redefine them.
These ideas's came to be known as "Critical Theory- .
Marx's believed that there is a class difference (Separation) between the ruling classes and the working classes, This separation creates the wage labour, Marx went onto say that means of production is controlled by the minority while the larger majority work as wage labour.
Marx says that the ruling classes are the classes that have the dominant material force and the dominant intellectual force, this being the people who think of a good means of production and have the materials to hand to build the idea will always be in control, .
In the 19th century there was a mass growth in industrialization, the relation between these industrialists (bourgeoisie - ruling classes - minority) and the working classes (Majority - wage labor) .
What this meant was that the bourgeoisie (Minority) owned the means of production this was the factories and the working classes were needed to work in those factories (Wage labor) .
Marx believed that the ruling classes ruled by controlling the consciousness of the working classes (Telling the working classes what to believe in order to preserve there their economic interests).