Modern physics has had a profound influence on many aspects of the human society. The numerous discoveries in science have fundamentally changed the conditions of our lives on earth in many beneficial ways. Most of the discoveries are derived from inventions in technology which have allowed humans to progress. The real roots of physics originate from Greek philosophy in sixth century B. C., where science, philosophy and religion were not separated, but in fact complemented one another. It is important to note that the term physics stems from the Greek word 'physis' which means to discover the essential nature and constitution of all things. It can be said that physics is the most advanced and accurate form of the natural sciences, thus, it may be concluded that one must look at the logical structure of the theories involved. .
Due to this, some physicists today have abandoned the classical western view of the world based on Isaac Newton's discoveries and are searching for a more philosophical outlook on physics. Eastern mysticism has the philosophical framework and it has been recognized as having many parallels with modern physics. One of the basic elements that will be discussed is the unity and interrelation of all phenomena and the observer that is seen as an integral part. This paper will argue that Quantum theory and Relativity theory which are components of the western world view are strikingly similar to the philosophical and religious traditions of the Eastern mystics.
In order to understand the prominent parallels between Eastern mysticism and modern physics, the Quantum theory will be described first. Quantum mechanics is the study of the motion of quantities or quanta which represent the bits and pieces of nature. It predicts probabilities based on experiments conducted in the subatomic setting, where the probabilities are impossible to visualize. Quantum theory believes that we have limited knowledge of future phenomena and that is why one cannot know both the position and momentum of a particle with absolute certainty.