Existentialism has come to be identified as a critical, reactionary way of thinking, celebrating the individual, freedom, embodiment, and the limits of rationality and systematic theorizing. Existentialism's more widely accepted definition is that it is the philosophic standpoint, which gives priority to existence over essence. One of the most famous of the existentialist philosophers was a man named Jean-Paul Sartre. Existentialism lays stress on the existence of humans. Sartre believed that human existence is the result of chance or accident. There is no meaning or purpose of our lives other than what our freedom creates; therefore, we must rely on our own resources. Sartre thought that existence manifests itself in anxiety, responsibility, and the idea that humans are thrown into a world they don't control or choose. One of the many modern works that reflect Sartre's existential ideas is the film Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring directed by Peter Jackson. In the film, Frodo Baggins, a Hobbit discovers that a ring disposed to him by will from his beloved relative Bilbo, is in fact the "One Ring-. This ring is a device that will allow its master to manipulate the dark powers and enslave the world. Frodo is charged by the wizard Gandalf to return the ring to Mount Doom, the evil site where it can be destroyed. Accompanying Frodo on his journey is a fellowship of eight others: his hobbit friends Sam, Merry, and Pippin, the wizard Gandalf, the swordsmen Aragorn and Boromir, Elf archer Legolas, and Dwarf soldier Gimli.
According to Sartre's beliefs on the idea of throwness (facticity) humans find themselves existing in a world not of their own making and indifferent to their concerns. He says that humans are not the source of their own existence, but find themselves "thrown into a world they didn't control and didn't choose."" Sartre's thoughts are evident when he writes, " I did not ask to be born.