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General Charles Cornwallis

            Charles Cornwallis, later accused of "losing America," was born in London on December 31, 1738. He was born into a family that had connections and Cornwallis had everything he ever needed. He took pride in his appearance even though his left eye was at a permanent tilt due to a hit from a hockey stick. He went to school at Elton and he became an ensign in the 1st guards before he was 18. He then went to military academy at Turin and then became a lieutenant colonel while serving in Germany when the Seven Years" War took place. He became the 2nd Earl Cornwallis when his father died in 1763. Cornwallis took the rank of major general in North America although he was opposed to what started the American Revolution. He helped win at the Battle of Long Island. Later in the year he followed Washington's army through New Jersey. After Washington's victory at Trenton, he had not stopped the army. He had a major role in the victory at the Battle of Brandywine. Cornwallis then moved up ranking to a lieutenant general and was second in command to Sir Henry Clinton. He returned to England in 1778 to look over his ill wife. Jemima Jones died in 1779. He returned to help Clinton in August of 1779, and accompanied in him in the siege of Charleston. But when Charleston fell and Clinton went to New York, Cornwallis took control of the southern British forces. When the Americans had victories at King's Mountain and Cowpens and Cornwallis lost his supplies, he moved on to the coast. Cornwallis was surrounded at Yorktown by American and French troops and he surrendered on October 19, 1781, which ended the war. Cornwallis was governor-general of India from 1786 to 1793. He led the campaigns that won British victory in the Third Mysore War and was named Marquess Cornwallis and then in 1793 he moved up to general. He returned to India at the age of 67 as governor-general, but was stricken by fever and died on October 5, 1805 in Ghazipore, India.

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