Hunting and gathering is believed by many to be the Ju/"hoansi's original mode of subsistence, however, since the 1970's the Ju have become more integrated with the global economy and have declined in many of their traditional ways. This segment will be discussing the primary subsistence and living patterns of the Ju/"hoansi prior to their way of life being overrun by the monster called economic progress.
The environment that the Ju/"hoansi live in can vary greatly depending on the particular area as well as time of year. There are four main categories of habitats distinguished by the Ju (Lee, pg.24). The first are dunes which are home to the Ju's primary food, the mongongo tree. The second habitat are known as flats which are made up of a very dense light colored sand which are also home to many fruit species. Melapo is the third habitat which consists of compacted grey and light soils. Hardpan is the last habitat recognized by the Ju. This is sand and mud spread amongst stretches of rock. They also recognize five seasons ranging from the very dry to the very wet, as well as times of warmer and colder weather, and times of death and re-growth of many plant species (Lee, pg. 29-31).
The Dobe Ju/"hoansi are a people who have a very intimate knowledge of the land they live on. This knowledge extends into the depth of what and where certain vegetation is available (as well as quantity and seasonal variance) and the range of fauna that is present (including abundance and migratory patterns of many species). Probably the most important knowledge the Ju/"hoansi posses is the location of water holes. It is this full knowledge of their environment which allow the Ju/"hoansi to act as effective hunter gather people. An important aspect to Ju hunting and gathering is the communal outlook they have with the other members of their camp. When vegetation is collected, it is all pooled at the end of each day to ensure that no one in the camp will go hungry (Lee, pg.