In 1819, the United States of America suffered one of history's most severe clashes between the northern states and the southern states with the amendment of "The Missouri Compromise." It was one of the most serious events that took place between the slave states and anti-slavery states that shifted the United States into a spiral effect towards a civil war. After this amendment was passed, the overall affect that this country felt was a very divided by segregation, any would stay divided, for many years to come. Even after the Civil War, it would take the United States Supreme Court to finally overturn the Missouri Compromise and declare it unconstitutional.
It was in the year of 1819, when Missouri first decided to try become a state and applied for statehood. They knew it would not be an easy process, but had decided to try and become one anyway. The major problem was, Missouri wanted to be admitted as a slave state but with the balance of power between the Senate being equal at eleven states for the North and eleven states for the South, neither side wished the balance of power to be changed in favor for the other. The slave states were Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. The free states were Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. .
The political balance between the North and South had been maintained by admitting alternately slave and free states between the periods of 1802- 1819. But with three-fifths ration operating in their favor, the slave states had only eighty-one votes in the House of Representatives as against one hundred and five votes held by the free states. In addition, the population of the North was growing at a more rapid pace. The North had 5,152,000 people and the South had only 4,485,000 people.