On December 15, 1791, The Bill of Rights was added to the United States Constitution. The purpose of these ten amendments was to make sure the citizens of the United States would have certain inalienable rights. No matter how powerful the government could become, the people were to always possess these rights. In the early twentieth century, changes began to take shape. The government's power grew to the point where the personal freedoms and rights of the people diminished. Authors, such as George Orwell and Aldous Huxley began to publish novels that illustrated this developing dystopia. In Huxley's Brave New World and Orwell's 1984, the authors portray a controlling government in order to exemplify the theme of the sacrifice of freedom in order to achieve a stable society. .
Throughout both novels, the authors illustrate a seemingly distorted religion in the societies. In Brave New World, god is no longer used as a symbol for religion; instead, Ford is a substitute for god. Huxley describes, "The great auditorium for Ford's Day celebrations and other massed Community Sings was at the bottom of the building- (79). In the United States, Ford was a twentieth century symbol for the assembly line. Consequently, the government praises and worships the mechanized nature of the brave new world in order to achieve the needs of durability. In 1984, Big Brother is this substitute for God. Orwell writes, "The hostile figure melted into the face of Big Brother.and with a tremulous murmur that sounded like My Savior', she extended her arms toward the screen- (17). To the people of Oceania, Big Brother is the protector of society. The worship of Big Brother in the Two Minutes Hate is similar to a religious session. These distortions of religion, for the purpose of conformity in society, impede on personal liberties through a lack of freedom of religion.
In addition to the distortion of religion, both novels also display a form of social conditioning and artificial insemination in order to achieve stability.