writer born in New York City, he began to publish short stories in the periodicals in 1940. After World War II, his stories, some based on his army experiences, appeared increasingly in the New Yorker. His entire literary output comprises 13 stories and novellas collected in Nine Stories (1953), Franny and Zooey (1961), and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters, and Seymour: An Introduction (1963) and the Catcher In The Rye (1951), a novel of adolescents anguish that won great critical and popular admiration, especially among college students. He retreated into a mysterious seclusion in New Hampshire and ceased to publish. In 1998 memoir by a women had pursued a relationship with him a 19 year old brought unwelcome notoriety.
The novel is framed by the first and last chapters, which take place somewhere in California in a psychiatric rest home. The main action of the novel takes place first at a boarding school in Agerstown, Pennsylvania and then mainly in New York City. The narrative evocative of Manhattan in the 1950's, taking place at and around the various landmarks of New York City, such as Grand Central Station, Greenwich Village, Radio City Music Hall, and the famous Central Park.
"The Catcher in the Rye", is a psychological novel based more on how events affect the hero's mind then on the events themselves; therefore, the actual plot is not as important as the psychological analysis behind the action. In truth, the plot is only a loosely strung set of incidents that are combined to reveal four days in life of Holden Caulfield. The novel is episodic nature, and the bulk of it is narrated in the form of flashbacks. The plot is also supplemented with a number of digressions, which help to reveal more about the various characters, especially Holden himself.
Holden's journey begins on a Saturday in December, just before school closes for Christmas break. He has been informed of his expulsion from Pency Prep school.