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The chemistry of fertilisers

             Countries are increasing their use of nitrogen-based fertilizers in farms to provide extra nutrients in a bid to increase farm productivity. This causes nitrous oxide (NO2) to be released in the atmosphere, a greenhouse gas 310 times more powerful than CO2. (CSIRO) Action should be taken to shift to organic methods; organic farming fosters a more ecologically stable environment.
             This article is accurate, nitrogen based fertilizers do provide extra nutrients. Without fertilizers, nitrogen gas from the atmosphere has to be converted by nitrogen fixing bacteria present in the soil to provide the available nutrients. .
             Without added fertilizers:.
             N2(g)       NH4+(aq), NO3(aq)- (into soil)  amino acids (plants)  protein.
             Nitrogen fixing bacteria.
             However non-biological processes can produce fertilizers industrially. .
             N2(g)      NO(g)  NO2 (g)  HNO3(g)  NH4+(aq) + NO3-(aq)  amino acids(plants).
             Non-biological process NH3.
             Oxides of nitrogen can provide a source of soluble fertilizer to plant life.
             This source is chemically accurate and therefore, scientifically it is quite relevant. However the article is biased on the social significance of the use of fertilizers. The article is primarily focused on the damaging effects of fertilizers on the environment as being detrimental to our lives because it enhances the greenhouse effect. But it ignores that the use of fertilizers help to produce quicker more efficient methods of plant growth whereas organic farming is a much slower process of plant production. .

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