When you start mixing politics and philosophy, you get a strange mixture of theories that work in theory itself but have never been tested in practice. Most philosophers try to talk about the politics, but for me the only ones interesting are those that talked about it a long time ago and who actually thought of the things they talked about, and not only remade someone else's thoughts. I chose Plato and Aristotle because they were the first and they really came up with their theories.
To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Plato is probably the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. These two men were great thinkers. They each had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their lives. It is necessary to look at several areas of each theory to seek the difference in each.
The main focus of Plato is a perfect society. He creates a vision for a utopian society, in his book The Republic. This vision was a sketch of a society in which the problems he thought were present in his society would be solved. Plato wanted to cure the afflictions of both human society and human personality. Essentially what Plato wants to achieve is a perfect society where everything will function in a perfect way and in which everyone will be happy.
Aristotle, unlike Plato, is not concerned with modifying the current society and making it a perfect society. He just wants to improve it. Rather than to produce a vision of the perfect society like Plato did, Aristotle suggested that the society itself should try and find the best possible system that could be used in improving the society, or by which the society would work. Utopia is an abstract solution. In Utopia there are no concrete problems. Utopia is a society that works perfectly and there are no mistakes in the governing system.