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Reality, Illusion and Foolish Pride

            In the plays The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov, A Doll's .
             House by Henrik Ibsen, and Galileo by Bertolt Brecht, the .
             protagonists' mental beliefs combine reality and illusion that both .
             shape the plot of each respective story. The ability of the .
             characters to reject or accept an illusion, along with the foolish .
             pride that motivated their decision, leads to their personal downfall.
             In The Cherry Orchard, by Anton Chekhov, Gayev and Miss .
             Ranevsky, along with the majority of their family, refuse to believe .
             that their estate is close to bankruptcy. Instead of accepting the .
             reality of their problem, they continue to live their lives under the .
             illusion that they are doing well financially. The family continues .
             with its frivolous ways until there is no money left (the final night .
             they have in the house before it is auctioned, they throw an .
             extravagant party, laughing in the face of impending financial ruin) .
             Even when Lopakhin attempts to rescue the family with ideas that could .
             lead to some of the estate being retained, they dismiss his ideas .
             under the illusion that the situation is not so desperate that they .
             need to compromise any of their dignity. .
             Lopakhin: As you know, your cherry orchards being sold to pay your .
             debts. The auction is on the twenty second of August. But thereno .
             need to worry, my dear. You can sleep soundly. Therea way out. .
             Heremy plan. Listen carefully, please. Your estate is only about .
             twelve miles from town, and the railway is not very far away. Now all .
             you have to do is break up your cherry orchard and the land along the .
             river into building plots and lease them out for country cottages. .
             Youll then have an income of at least twenty-five thousand a year.
             Gayev: Im sorry, but what utter nonsense!.
             (Later in the Dialogue).
             Mrs. Ranevsky: Cut down? My dear man, Im very sorry but I don.
             think you know what you are talking about.
             Lopakhin: If we canthink of anything and if we cancome to any .

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