Atmosphere Gas - Nitrogen (most abundant), oxygen, / carbon dioxide - has the ability to absorb heat radiated by earth, water vapor.
Atmosphere Pressure is in MB - .
Atmosphere pressure in the PPI - .
Atmosphere pressure at sea level - slightly more 1000 millibars, pressure decrease with altitude.
3.5 miles 50% atmosphere is below.
10 miles 90% atmosphere is below.
Atmospheric carbon dioxide is transparent to incoming Short-Wavelength solar radiation. But it is not transparent to some of the Long -Wavelength outgoing terrestrial radiation.
Ozone -combines 3 atom oxygen (03) / concentrate between 10-50 kilometers above the stratosphere / absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation .
Thermosphere - upper limit - .
Mesosphere - temperature decreases - .
Stratosphere - above the troposphere - temperature increases at top.
Troposphere - lowermost layer - all important weather phenomena occur - temperature decreases with altitude.
*** - There is pause in between each .
Equinoxes - occur midway between the solstice - length day equal night - Sept 22-23 march 21-22(spring) .
Sun angles - near water climate = cool summer, warmer winter.
Northern hemisphere - June 21-22 (summer) - December 21-22 (winter).
Heat transferred in our Earth System -Conduction - transfer of heat through matter by molecular activity.
Convection - transfer of heat by the movement of al mass or substance for on place to another.
Radiation - transfer of heat by electromagnetic waves.
Climate - Air Mass - .
Equatorial low - rising air - abundant precipitation .
Subtropical high - stable - dry air .
SubPolar low - warm and cold winds interact - polar front - area of storms.
Polar high - cold, subsiding air .
Leeward side of the mountains - usually deficient in moisture .
Clouds - Cirrus - high, white, thin wispy fibers/ Cumulus - globular, individual cloud masses/ Stratus - sheets or layer cover much or all the sky / Nimbostratus - rainy / cumulonimbus - rain showers /thunderstorms.