The Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans were the two major political parties of the early years of the United States' government. Although they were both dedicated to establishing a stable and independent nation, their political philosophies were at opposite ends of the spectrum. Thus, they disagreed on many issues that faced our nation at that time. The Federalists tended to distrust the common public of the nation, which led to the Democratic-Republicans' will to focus on a government that was more trusting of the people. But although the Democratic-Republicans were supported by most of the common people of the nation, it was the Federalists who were the main controlling force of Congress, and who thus made the laws for the common people. This did not last long, however, mostly because of the vast differences in opinion between the two parties and the fact that the Democratic-Republicans eventually won the major support of the common people. This led to the ultimate collapse of the Federalist party and the temporary survival of the Democratic-Republicans.
The Federalists tended to distrust the common public of the nation, which led to the Democratic-Republicans' will to focus on a government that was more trusting of the people. The Federalist party received financial support from some of the major business and industrial forces of the country and consisted mostly of wealthy and educated men. Thus they tended to favor big business and commercial power while the Democratic-Republicans focused on the small farmers and common people who supported them. The Federalists had also been convinced that the majority of the public could not be entirely trusted and should not be too involved in politics, mostly because of their past tendencies to be swayed by agitators. They mainly viewed democracy as rule "by the passions of the multitude" and as potentially dangerous to the country's welfare.