Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels was written in 1726 and was an immediate success. It is said to be, " a fairytale that escaped from the nursery and went deliberately wrong." Swift has at least two aims in Gulliver's Travels besides merely telling a good adventure story. Behind the disguise of his narrative, he is satirizing the pettiness of human nature in general and also the English government. Therefore, Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels can be viewed as a children's story or as a burning attack on various elements of English society. .
Jonathan Swift created the book to appeal to children. The childlike quality of the story performs an important function, quite apart from constituting one of the book's main attractions to a wide body of readers. There are three principle reasons that can be given for this statement. .
First, Gulliver's adventures are based on fables. There were very few literary works aimed specifically at children during Swift's time. Fables were about the only literary forms read and enjoyed by children. Swift draws on the ancient tradition of the famous beast fable, which was the most popular fable read by kids .
during the time. By this device, swift was able to dramatize his view on humanity in a form that people can relate to by referring to the fable.
Next, it is clear that Swift retained a very strong imaginative hold on the element of physical farce in his tale. He keeps a strong sense on keeping the story fun and exciting. He uses dynamic characters that children enjoy and faraway interesting places that children love to fantasize of. It is basically a story of fairly tales, with a blend of the magical and the exaggerated.
Last, there is considerable evidence that contemporary readers- including those who knew Swift best and could fathom what he was up to- detected a quality of innocent fun in the book. Swift's ability to convey his sharpest criticisms of the world in a mode that is predominantly comic, even from the beginning until the end, and to a mode that ever where there is strong hostile feeling and criticism, that the fantasy of the narrative cannot be destroyed.