Empiricism vs. Rationalism

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When and where is it that knowledge becomes part of the brain? Knowledge can be there since birth, or it can be learned through experience. Empiricism, which is supported by Locke, explains that human knowledge is collected through experience only. Descartes, on the other hand, supports rationalism and argues that ideas are already in the mind as principles that must be true and real. Locke explains human knowledge can be received through sensation, reflection, qualities, and the relation of the ideas a person possess.

The two sources of ideas that come from experience are sensation and reflection. The senses provide us with a perception that can supply future knowledge of external objects. The reflection is the process of using previous ideas that are provided by the senses (S.S. 250). Locke also explains the human mind is like a smo

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