Homer's Iliad is laden with messages and ideals that people of ancient Greece once
valued and to some extent we still value today. There are recurrent themes throughout the epic
that support Homer's main message which was learning life lessons and growing as an
individual. The main themes of the Iliad are heroes' code of conduct, honor and rage,
hospitality/community, greed and power, the definition of a hero, and social systems between
Greeks and Trojans. Homer gets his message across through the acts of hubris committed by
characters and the consequences that are ultimately paid by committing this hubris.
Homer uses Achilles as an example of a character that commits hubris through the entire
epic quite consistently. The Iliad begins with Achilles' selfish and childish acts of rage. Achilles
allows for his emotions to overpower him throughout the epic. First when he prays to Thetis for
his comrades to be killed so that Agamemnon will beg him to return to fight the Trojans.