Like many of Edgar Allen Poe's works, "The Tell-Tale Heart is full of death
and darkness. Poe used many of the real life tragedies he experienced as inspiration for
his gothic style of writing. Poe dealt with many aspects of death and madness in his
stories, madness again is playing a key role in the plot. In this short story Poe used
literary devices such as point of view, irony, and symbolism to give it a more dramatic effect and add to the madness the narrator portrays.
Poe's use of the point of view device is very evident in "The Tell-Tale Heart.
According to Bonaparte, the madman that speaks through the entire story talks in an unreliable first person view (126). Because of the man's obvious madness it is not definite what is taking place in the introduction and what the actual events of the story were. There is a definite madness in the man's attitude and he is constantly aware of it yet he makes many claims that he is not mad at all. "You fancy me mad. Madmen know nothing. But you should have seen me. You should have seen how wisely I proceeded-with what caution-with what foresight-with what dissimulation I went to work! ¦Ha!-would a madman have