Like many of Edgar Allen Poeâ€™s works, â€œThe Tell-Tale Heartâ€ is full of death
and darkness. Poe used many of the real life tragedies he experienced as inspiration for
his gothic style of writing. Poe dealt with many aspects of death and madness in his
stories, madness again is playing a key role in the plot. In this short story Poe used
literary devices such as point of view, irony, and symbolism to give it a more dramatic effect and add to the madness the narrator portrays.
Poeâ€™s use of the point of view device is very evident in â€œThe Tell-Tale Heart.â€
According to Bonaparte, the madman that speaks through the entire story talks in an unreliable first person view (126). Because of the manâ€™s obvious madness it is not definite what is taking place in the introduction and what the actual events of the story were. There is a definite madness in the manâ€™s attitude and he is constantly aware of it yet he makes many claims that he is not mad at all. â€œYou fancy me mad. Madmen know nothing. But you should have seen me. You should have seen how wisely I proceeded-with what caution-with what foresight-with what dissimulation I went to work!â€¦Ha!-would a madman have been so wise as this?â€ (Poe 121).
He is obviously well aware of his madness but he tries to justify it by saying that he is not mad because he puts so much effort and wisdom into his deeds. It is kind of an ironic statement that he justifies his madness in the wisdom he shows in the insane act itself. This is like a student saying he is not cheating because he had to â€œdo workâ€ to get the plagiarism. Bonaparte adds, there is ironically no â€œmethod to the madnessâ€ in his argument. After the narrator commits the murder he again tries to justify his present madness (121). â€œIf still you think me mad, you will think so no longer when I describe the wise precau