Type a new keyword(s) and press Enter to search

Reaction between sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid


            
             I am going to investigate how a change in concentration affects the reaction rate between Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric acid. The chemical equation for the experiment is as below;.
             Na2S2O3 + 2HCl 2NaCl + H2O + S + SO2.
             Safety procedures:.
             Ø When pouring the acid, make sure it is done above eye level. Hydrochloric acid is also an irritant, so goggles could be used. .
             Ø Always wash your hands after doing an experiment, especially ones with irritant.
             Ø The reaction gives off Sulphur Dioxide, which is a highly acidic gas, so as soon as the reaction has finishes, it all needs to be washed down the sink with plenty of water. .
             Apparatus list:.
             Ø Two small 100cm3 beakers, for the Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric acid.
             Ø A small 100cm3 conical flask to mix the fluids in.
             Ø A small conical flask that has a capacity of 35cm3 .
             Ø A piece of lined paper, to judge when the reaction has finished.
             Ø A stop-clock to determine the duration of the reaction.
             Ø A calculator to work out the average reaction rate.
             Ø A total of 280cm3 Sodium Thiosulphate.
             Ø A total of 80cm3 Hydrochloric acid.
             Ø A total of 280cm3 water.
             Pilot study:.
             A pilot study was conducted to see if the reaction being investigated actually worked, and if the amounts and concentrations were effective. The results were as follows;.
             Vol. Of Thiosulphate Vol. of acid (cm3 Vol. Of water (cm3) Time 1 (s) Time 2 (s) Time 3 (s) Average (s) Rate (s-1).
             35 10 0 21 20 19 20 50.
             30 10 5 21 23 20 21 48.
             25 10 10 28 30 28 29 34.
             20 10 15 39 37 33 36 25.
             15 10 20 46 43 46 45 22.
             10 10 25 76 72 68 72 14.
             5 10 30 178 175 164 172 6.
             0 10 35 NR NR NR NR NR.
             From these results, I can determine whether the experiment was a success and whether I can learn from my mistakes. All decimals have been rounded up or down to the nearest whole number. .
             Variables:.
             To make the experiment fair, there was only one variable. This was the concentration of the Sodium Thiosulphate solution.


Essays Related to Reaction between sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid