Ch'ing Dynasty of China and the Tokugawa Period of Japan both represented the fullest of expression of the "Great Tradition in the East Asian Civilization. In this essay, we will be comparing and contrasting Ch'ing and Tokugawa's public policies, relative to the tasks of: maintaining law and order, promoting the governing elites' self interests, promoting an arch-conservative agenda, and finally how they preventing the contamination from the outside sources. At the end of this essay, we will then discuss why their "immediate successes led to "ultimate failures.
The time period between the 1680 CE to 1800 CE during the reign of the Ch'ing Dynasty. This time period was considered to be the "High Ch'ing, because it is the Ch'ing Dynasty's most glorious and most peaceful time period, which made them most successful. It is also the Golden Age of literacy and culture. At this time China had well over one hundred millions citizens living in the mainland. Chinese people are not only huge in population, and wealth, but they also have more than enough resources to survive in China. This meant that they did not need to import anything from other countries. To the Manchu and the Chinese People during this time period, things can not get any better so they developed many arch-conservative agendas, trying to "freeze the time.
First we are going to discuss how the Ch'ing maintained law and order in their society. The Ch'ing Dynasty, like many dynasties before itself, was also a strong believer in Imperial Confucianism. The system developed high morals in the society. The government made many different codes, imperial laws, and local laws to maintain order within the society. The government officials portray a generous and compassionate attitude to those who follow and support their beliefs. But if you choose disobey the order or the law, then they will not hesitate to use punishments in the name of legalism.
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