Modern China is an enigmatic country by todayâ€™s standards concerning economic values and political ideals. The â€œcommunistâ€ government that Mao Zedong brutally sculpted and administered has gone through an intensive transformation. The days when Marxism and Socialism supposedly provided guidelines for Chinese economic policies have passed. Now the government exists as a quasi-communist authoritarian regime supported by a market economy.
Economic progress is commonly associated with democratization, and in many cases this theory holds true. Taiwan is the exemplary East Asian model of a formerly authoritarian regime turned democratic due in part to economic development. Yet some nations, Singapore for example, maintain healthy economies and high standards of living despite the presence of authoritarianism within the government. Although China has experienced noteworthy economic development over the past twenty years, its government has not made any significant progress towards democracy. .
The Chinese economy stagnated during the social-oriented rule of Mao in the 1950â€™s. Instead of focusing on the modernization of the countryâ€™s agricultural-based economy, Chinaâ€™s leader intended to install the many values and doctrines of communism into Chinese society. It was evident that economics took a back seat to Maoâ€™s greater vision of a communal society, â€œâ€¦Stalin emphasized only technology, technical cadres. He wanted nothing but technology, nothing but cadre; no politics, no massesâ€¦Stalin speaks only of the production relations, not of the superstructure, nor of the relationship between superstructure and economic baseâ€¦Stalin mentions economics only, not politics.â€1 The chairman of the Peopleâ€™s Republic believed that once communism had grown deep roots in his countryâ€™s society, economic development would inevitably follow.