The theoretical model in which our group is researching is psychoanalysis. The name psychoanalytical implies the analysis of the psyche. Psychoanalysis is defined as a form of psychotherapy based on the idea that each of us has an unconscious mind that contains ides, memories and desires. Which have been hidden or repressed because they are psychologically dangerous to our self image. .
Major theories and concepts of psychoanalysis based on Freud.
Initially, psychoanalysis was a method of treating mental patients. It has now developed into a new concept of how to understand the human mind. Although Sigmund Freud was the first person to base the idea of psychoanalysis on the notion of the unconscious mind controlling human behaviors, this theory has been reevaluated and expanded on over the past century. The existence of the unconscious which Freud reveals is now defined in psychology as: the thought process of the mind which does not have an ability to be recalled at will. From this central focus, Freud and other psychoanalysts have developed theories on why people act in certain ways and what stimulates these ideas and behavior.
Freud theories are categorized under three main subject headings: structural, dynamic and developmental. The primary structural concept within the mind are the Id, ego, and super-ego.
The id is that part in which there are instinctual sexual drives that need to be satisfied. The super ego contains the control mechanism, while the ego is responsible for easing the tension and interactions between the Id and super-ego. The primary dynamic concepts, including instinct, libido, and anxiety are the next theories in which Freud focuses. These are the ideas that revolve around sexual energy and aggressive drives. The primary developmental concepts which Freud centers the most attention on are the defense mechanism and psychosexual stages. It is upon these concepts that Freud was able to base stages of development and psychotherapy techniques.