An institution is an organization that is set up for a particular purpose. Institutions are run through a hierarchical system of authority, whereby rules and regulations are enforced. Scott Monkâ€™s novel, Raw, explores a number of issues to do with the power of institutions and the impact on individuals, within them. The text also explores the relationship between individuals and the authorities that have the power and the loss of individuality of inmates. The text also explores the concept of rehabilitation. Through the use of techniques such as characterisation, language and imagery, Monk examines the personal experience of institutions.
From the beginning of the novel, the reader is aware of the tension between those in authority and the individual. The police who arrest Brett are referred to as â€œpigs,â€ while they refer to Brett as a â€œno hoperâ€. The author uses the 3rd person narrative but tells the story from Brettâ€™s perspective as he arrives at The Farm. Brettâ€™s stereotypical view of authority is conveyed when he meets Sam, and thinks â€œhe was the enemy and you never get friendly with the enemy,â€ reinforcing his â€œusâ€ and â€œthemâ€ mentality. While The Farm challenges the stereotypical correction institution, words like â€œprisonerâ€ and â€œdetentionâ€ provide a contrast and a reminder that this is still a detention center.
Not all institutions have a negative impact on individuals. The Farm encourages change through encouraging individuals to consider their actions and the consequences of them. Sam tries to treat the inmates as individuals and believes that â€œif guys want to stay, they willâ€. He does not believe there is any benefit in loss of individuality, and believes that improving a persons self image is more successful. Punishment in The Farm is powerful and effective in that it is communal p