The Five Primary Psychological ParadigmsPaper Rating: Word Count: 1194 Approx Pages: 5
In this paper, I am going to briefly discuss each of the five primary psychological paradigms.
The biological approach assumes that abnormal behaviors are due to somatic of bodily causes. Major emphasis is placed on behavior biochemistry. Supporters of this perspective emphasize the therapeutic actions of drugs is something poorly understood. Critics would argue that symptoms couldn't be explained on a basis of physical maps or changes in our bodies independent of how we reach to environmental events. Thomas Szasz (1961) and Engel's (1977) have strongly criticized such medical model for being outmoded. Engel's proposes that, rather than leaving out psychiatry from medicine as proposed by Szasz, psychiatry should embrace both disciplines and adopt a "biopsychosocial model. With Engel's model, physicians could treat patients in the context of where the patient lives and the society, which may promote in subtle or overt ways maladaptive behavior.
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) played a very significant role in the development