What is espionage? Webster defines espionage as the practice or employment of spies; the practice of watching the words and conduct of others, to make discoveries, as spies or secret emissaries or secret watching. Espionage is one of the practices of today that originated before Caesar and the Roman Empire and has survived through every known government, even during the Middle Ages and fiefdom. When one thinks of espionage they think of none other than James Bond, also known as 007, a man who is capricious with women, flashy in everything he does, and distinctive in every aspect of his life yet he is the farthest thing from a real spy. A real â€śspyâ€ tries to assimilate into the culture of his surroundings so much that the spy cannot be discerned from the normal population. A normal spy would never have a special type of drink that was extremely different than those surrounding them, like Bondâ€™s martini â€śshaken not stirredâ€ such an unusual drink yet he orders the drink in every place he goes, creates a pattern, something that spies try to avoid at all costs, because once they get discovered they have no shot of getting back to their headquarters once again unlike Bond. Yet there are other types of espionage that deal with situa
The CIA is also put to blame for the assassination of one of Americaâ€™s most loved Presidents, President John F Kennedy, this was not the fault of the CIA it was the FBIâ€™s blunder, yet because our nation surmises that its was the CIAâ€™s fault because, when an average citizen thinks of intelligence of a sensitive nature they think of the CIA, which is partially true except the FBI controls the information about the Western Hemisphere thus it was not the CIA. After this incident the CIA was roped into controlling the information flow for both hemispheres because Hoover refused to do such illegal things domestically, this was not found out until Watergate, which caused the CIA to do its domestic spying openly, albeit the CIA was never officially linked to Watergate ( ).
Watergate had an adverse affect on the CIA, the CIA was disgraced for having spied on its countries own citizens. The agency had proverbial mud all over it; it was portrayed in books, television and film as a new-age right-wing Gestapo- a similar identity that was law unto itself. Also our foreign allies were hesitant in helping the CIA because of the new Freedom of Information Act ( ). It was not until President Carter lifted the restrictions on the CIA, and named Admiral Stansfield Turner director of the CIA that the CIA became the agency that it is known as today. Admiral Turner was able to conduct limited covert operations abroad, including the surveillance of certain U.S. citizens in foreign countries. President Carter even allowed Admiral Turner to carry on clandestine operations without informing him of those operations. Admiral Turner, however, was no free-wheeling intelligence monarch, he towed the mark and welcomed the restrictions placed on the CIA ( ). President Carter wanted to get even more information from the CIA so he signed the Intelligence Oversight Act of 1980 which curtailed the right of Congress to scrutinize the CIA. The only people who could receive information about the CIAâ€™s work were the Senate and House intelligence committees, and only eight congressmen more total could receive information and even then only the direst circumstances. The president still reserved the right to withhold any information he wanted from these congressional leaders ( ).
â€śSociety today is on a surveillance bingeâ€ť ( ) meaning that people want to know anything an everything that they can with the types of bugging devices that are out there .Yet the Westerners have become accustomed to such practices in banks, supermarkets, department stores, and airports that they pay hardly any attention. One thing to realize is that every person is watched wherever they happen to go, sometimes by kindly eyes yet always by hidden ones. The technology used here is not limited to cameras and listening devices but, also includes people who are hired by companies to report to the managerial people and inform them upon the moral of the workers, the loyalty of the workers and their performance. One such company that has these people for hire is Fidelifacts. To this day some of the United States citizensâ€™ calls are â€śmonitoredâ€ť at the discretion of the Service Observance Bureau (SOB), a small section of the Bell Telephone system. This operation has at least 125,000 unregulated wiretaps in a single year in Manhattan only, these people who â€śmonitorâ€ť phone conversations sometimes sell the information, which they obtain, to the local police or even a normal person if the price is right. Also if a person has cable television an optical wiretap can be situated in their homes just as easily as putting an au
Some topics in this essay:
Central Intelligence Agency, Soviet Union, Espionage, Gerald Ford, Intelligence, Ronald Reagan, Special Activities Division, President Of The United States, United States, England,
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