Cotton is a fiber that grows from the surface of seeds in the pods of a bushy mallow plant. It is composed of a substance called cellulose.
American upland cotton constitutes over 99% of the United States cotton crop. Upland cotton fibers are generally fairly white, strong and dull.
It is grown in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and Southern California. The cotton fiber is strong, lustrous, silky and creamy brown-white in color.
These cotton fibers are light brown, fine, strong and 32-38 mm in length.
Asiatic cotton are produced in India, China, and the near east. These are coarse fibers less than 25mm in length.
Textile is the premier industry now reckoned among the top few in the world. 65% of Pakistan's export is related to cotton. The most important producers of cotton are:-
1. China 2. U.S.A 3. India 4. Pakistan 5. Egypt
In recent years, the textile industry of Pakistan has grown very rapidly. This is mainly due to the demand of yarn, fabric and of finished garments. The countries where the labor cost is expensive tend to buy goods produced in third world countries such as Pakistan where labor is cheap which results in a low price of the cloth. Pakistan has also received a lot of competition from the republic of Korea and this is one of the factors which encourage people to produce more goods from cotton. Cotton textiles are divided into three types of factories. First, the cotton is sent to the spinning mills where it is converted to fiber, then the fiber is sent to the weaving mills where it is weaved by the use of machines to make cloth. Then the cloth is sent to the stitching units where it is stitched to make clothes.