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Thutmose III

            Thutmose III was a great warrior pharaoh. His reign was one of intense battle with one campaign followed by another. According to the stele of Thutmose III, over 350 cities fell to the Egyptians under his rule. There is little doubt that his numerous campaigns were extremely successful. He has, in fact, been referred to as the "Napoleon of Ancient Egypt" because of his military expansion.
             Thutmose III was very young when his father, Thutmose II, died and was the co-regent of his stepmother, Hatshepsut. Thutmose was given an education befitting his royal station. He would have learned about everything from culture and art to military and leadership techniques. He would have been taught all military skills, including archery and horsemanship, which he displayed to the public on many occasions. Thutmose played an active part in the government of Egypt. In Year 2 of the co regency, Thutmose issued orders to the Viceroy of Kush and in Year 5 he appointed a new vizier. He was active in Sinai, where several graffiti show Thutmose alone or with Hatshepsut. Thutmose may have been entrusted with command of the army on campaign in Nubia twice. There was also at least one campaign in Retennu. Thutmose appeared in Hatshepsuts coronation scene where he follows the procession of the barque of Amun at Deir el-Bahari.
             The Egyptian empire reached its height during the reign of Thutmose III. Thutmose succeeded in restoring Egypt's influence in a series of 17 campaigns fought over 20 years. He pushed Egyptian rule as far as the Taurus Mountains and the Euphrates, leaving garrisons at various points and reasserting Egyptian supremacy.
             The armies of the Old and Middle Kingdoms have a very amateur appearance when compared to the large professional forces of Thutmose III's army of the New Kingdom. Back in the Old and Middle Kingdoms, the army's weapons consisted of anything the men could find to throw at the enemy.

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