The effects of climate change are the ecological and anthropogenic changes that occur to increase the rise in global temperatures. There are scientific resources (decreased snowcaps in the Northern Hemisphere, sea-level rise, which state climate change is happening and needs to be addressed on a global basis. According to the IPCC, most of the rises of global average temperatures since the mid-20th century are likely due to the increase in human greenhouse gas concentrations (IPCC, 2007). China has surpassed United States of America in being the largest C02 emitter (IEA, 2007), and with these increases, it shows we are heading to what the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) state, worse case scenario (IPCC, 2012). With this, China plays a stimulating position when representing developing countries being part of the group of 77+. Carbon monoxide in the atmosphere has increased to 383 parts per million (ppm) from about 280 ppm at the start of the industrial revolution, a 37 percent increase (Umair, 2012). According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), it is estimated that China and India will account for 45 percent of global energy demand growth by 2030, and also will account for 80 percent of the increase in coal demand (IEA, 2012). With demands increasing, China is forced to implement mitigation and adaptation methods that need to be followed to become more of an activist rather than a contributor to climate change. Mitigation methods would include; researches into marine energy harvesting technologies, impose stricter manufacturing policies, as transportation legislation that can reduce transportation emissions. China's adaptation methods would include; increase the sea-level rise technologies, enhance the transparency of the Green Climate Fund, as well as enhance adaptive capacity on a national scale. .
With the annual growth rate of C02 that is in the atmosphere at 2.