Soul are in many respects sensitive to ways of speaking and thinking about the soul [psuchê] that are not specifically philosophical or theoretical. We therefore begin with what the word 'soul' meant to speakers of Classical Greek, and what it would have been natural to think about and associate with the soul. Psyche Although willing to provide a common account of the soul in these general terms, Aristotle devotes most of his energy in De Anima to detailed investigations of the soul's individual capacities or faculties, which he first lists as nutrition, perception, and mind, with perception receiving the lion's share of attention.
How far does Tennyson's "In Memoriam" reflect the spirit of the Victorian Age?.
In the Victorian era, there was a huge conflict occurred especially because of Darwin's theory between science and religion. Darwin suggested that humans are actually originated from the apes. This struck the Orthodox, and moved the faith of people in religion. Besides, the industrial revolution caused rapid growth of factories, mills, industries, and people began to yield to mammon while capitalism enveloped spirituality. Human race became calculating and materialistic. Science brought new inventions and these inventions, while doing good to humans, but also, were making them more mechanized. They were more interested in business than religion, were busy in working and making money.
This conflict between science and religion is wonderfully depicted in the poems of those poets who were extremely worried because of the conflict, Matthew Arnold is one of those. Poets like Arnold of nineteenth century started to hold a very pessimistic view about the Victorian crisis, and in almost all his poems, he seems to express only a negative attitude toward his contemporary age. But we see a quite dissimilar attitude in the poems of his most renowned contemporary, Alfred Lord Tennyson.