Some say that the Montgomery Bus Boycott started on December 1, 1955, but many of those who were present say it began long before that. The ruling of the case also overturned the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson "separate but equal " doctrine, not only intended for public schools but to other legal formed originations that pushed segregation including public transportation. Even the 1954 Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas also applied to transportation. When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat that afternoon of December 1, 1955, she didn't see the revolution that act of courage would induce on the world as we know. All she intended to do was to go home, but she received this altercation "Are you going to stand up?"" The driver James Blake demanded. Rosa Parks looked straight at him and said: "No." Blake then said: "Well, I'm going to have you arrested." "Rosa Parks replied, "You may do that." "This was all it took for an entire community to fight back and do so effectively. .
With the pressures on the increase caused from the arrest of a 15-year-old Claudette Colvin on March 2, 1955, for denying her seat to a white person. Although Colvin did not break any laws, she was still tried and convicted. When Rosa Parks got arrested E.D. Nixon went to the jail to bail her out and then told her "Mrs. Parks, with your permission we can break down segregation on the bus with your case. " She agreed and later that night Jo Ann Robinson put plays of a one-day boycott. Jo Ann Robison began to mimeographed handouts stating the following "Another Negro woman has been arrested and thrown in jail because she refused to get up out of her seat on the bus for a white person to sit down. It is the second time since Claudette Colvin case that a Negro woman has been arrested for the same thing. This has to be stopped. Negroes have rights, too, for if Negroes did not ride the buses, they could not operate.