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Animal Farm - Characters and Political Messages

            The story of Animal Farm written by George Orwell in 1945 is known to be more than a 'fairy tale' story. Its characters and scenes depicts the people and events of the Russian Revolution of 1917. "All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others" (Chapter 10, page 112). This show the struggle of the animals against oppression and tyranny of the group of pigs in the farm.
             In the start of the story, the oppressor is Farmer Jones, which is the equivalent of Tsar Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov of Russia (Nicolas II) in the real world. In the story, the animal cause a rebellion against Farmer Jones which is caused by his ignorance and mismanagement of the farm. This is similar to the cause of the Russian Revolution as Russia had lost the most amount of men during World War 1. The story tells us the abandonment of a leader to their people or in this case to their animals. Old Major represents Karl Marx who instigates the Communist manifesto. In the story, Old Major which instigates rebellion of Animalism with the manifesto "the life of an animal is misery and slavery" (Chapter 1, page 3) this is the same to the manifesto in with Karl Marx uses to instigate Communism. When the animals overrun Farmer Jones, the pigs volunteer to become the leaders of the farm with is the start of Animalism in the farm.
             The 7 commandments are a set of rules the animals followed to ensure there was peace and harmony and ensure the animals do not become like Farmer Jones. The commandment "Whatever goes upon four legs or has wings, is a friend" (Chapter 2, page 15. This commandment makes the pigs become inferior with everyone thinking they mean the overthrown them. The commandment "No animal shall wear clothes" (Chapter 2, page 15) was followed until the pigs all decide the wear clothes. "No animal shall sleep in a bed" (Chapter2, page 15) is changed into "No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets" (Chapter 6, page 450) as the pigs decide to take up residence in the farm house and sleep in the bed.

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