A psychiatric disorder is a mental or behavioral pattern or anomaly that causes either suffering or an impaired ability to function in ordinary life, and which is not a developmental or social norm. Mental disorders are normally defined by a combination of how that person feels, acts, thinks, or perceives. The causes of mental disorders are varied and have been shown to come from the many ranges of fields. There are many types of disorder such as Anxiety disorders which include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and specified phobias. Mood disorders also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. The next types of disorders are psychotic disorders. Psychotic disorders involves distorted awareness and thinking. Some of the most common disorders are schizophrenia, manic-depressive disorder, conduct disorders. These disorders are most commonly diagnosed amongst people today. .
Clinical depression is a serious condition that negatively affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. In contrast to normal sadness, clinical depression is persistent, often interferes with a person's ability to experience or anticipate pleasure, and significantly interferes with functioning in daily life. Untreated, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years, and if inadequately treated, depression can lead to significant impairment, other health-related issues, and in rare cases, suicide. A person is diagnosed with a major depression when he or she experiences at least five of the symptoms listed below for two consecutive weeks. At least one of the five symptoms must be either (1) depressed mood or (2) loss of interest or pleasure.
- Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day.