Throughout history, philosophy has been something that has changed tremendously. The reason for this is due to the fact that new philosophers come into the field of philosophy and have different opinions on various aspects of life. Philosophers in around the 7th Century B.C. asked questions of such fundamental quality such as "what is our universe made of? What is fire, what is water?" Additionally, ethics has been a topic of copious debate between not just many philosophers including Aristotle, Plato and Socrates, but also in our current day in politics and law. Expanding on contemporary philosophy, philosophers today talk about very important social issues such as women's rights and environmental issues. They also use a much more reasonable and educated approach than philosophers have done in the past. This is because the theorists do not take note on their religious views and they focus on current ways of life such as atheism and communism. Now, modern philosophers focus on the scientific aspects of philosophy and more or less, theories that can be proven through the scientific method of: Asking a question, doing background research, construct a hypothesis, testing that hypothesis by doing a practical experiment, analyzing the data from the experiment to draw a conclusion and finally, and most importantly, communicating these findings. The scientific method allows us as humans to come to conclusions rationally and through careful thought and preparation as opposed to coming to conclusions based on stories we read in books that have yet proven to be accurate.
Socrates (470/469 - 399 BCE).
Socrates is famous for studying the ways in which people live. He was alive in a time when religion was extremely prevalent and sacred among those who lived in Athens. Socrates informed Athenians that they were concerned with their families, their careers and their political responsibilities, and told them what they should have been distressed about: Their souls.