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The Primary Education System in Australia and Pakistan

            Education is the process of understanding and acquiring knowledge. Every parent in the world wants the best education for their children. According to Article 28 of the September 1990 United Nation's Charter "Rights of the Child", every child has the right to compulsory and free primary education. Both Pakistan and Australia are members of the United Nations, but there are a significant amount of differences in the primary school education system between the two countries. Pakistan is a developing country with a struggling economy and is the sixth most populous country in the world (Wikipedia.2009). The country has been affected by two wars, the first in 1965 and the second in 1971. These wars have left Pakistan in a very unstable condition. The overall rate of literacy in Pakistan is 56.20% (Wikipedia.2008). In contrast, Australia is a developed country and has never had a war on its soil. Its literacy rate is 99% (Wikipedia.2009). The primary education systems in Australia and Pakistan have similarities in schooling age and the subjects that are taught, but differ in the curriculum, co-education vs single sex schools, learning styles and school assessment and reporting system.
             The formal schooling age is similar in both countries. In Australia, children start formal school at the age of 4/5. The first year is called kindergarten followed by Year 1 to Year 6. In Pakistan, children start formal school at the age of 4 which is called nursery. They then progress to Prep, (preparation) followed by Year 1 to Year 5. Thus in both countries, students spend seven years in primary school. The major educational subjects in both countries are similar. In Australia's primary school children are introduced to all subjects, including science and technology, visual arts, human society and its environment, though the main subject areas are numeracy and literacy. Similarly, numeracy, literacy, and general knowledge are the focus until Year 2 in Pakistan.

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