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Medical Overview - Type II Diabetes

            Type II Diabetes, also known as adult onset or insulin-independent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes that exists in our world today. It is considered to be one of those lifestyle diseases that can occur at any age.It is a condition in which the body does not normally respond to the insulin produced. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas which in turn allows the body to use glucose from carbohydrates consumed for energy. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, glucose in the body will find it difficult to enter the cells and supply energy. An increase in the level of blood sugar will occur causing the pancreas to make more insulin. Eventually, the pancreas would not be able to keep up and would stop producing insulin to keep blood glucose levels normal. When blood glucose deviates from normal level, and builds up in the blood, the cells will lack energy as a result. Also, type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, so the longer a person has it, the higher the insulin needed to maintain blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes may occur as a result of overweight since excess fat makes it harder for the cells to respond to insulin.
             A person who possesses type 2 diabetes for a long time may also increase the risk of getting heart disease, blindness, and stroke. But keeping blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol at a normal level can prevent these diseases. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not easily noticeable. However, the most common symptoms are thirst and lots of urinating. As blood sugar levels get higher, headaches and fatigue will occur frequently. In terms of preventing and caring for type 2 diabetes, changing a person's lifestyle is the most important factor that should be considered. Engagement in physical activity enables the body to burn all the fats and extra carbohydrates being consumed. Thus, a healthy weight is .
             Moreover, changing a person's diet may lead to controlled blood sugar levels.

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