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Psychosocial Factors of School Bullying

            I chose this article because I have been a victim of bullying. I believe that bullying, to a certain degree, can have a negative effect on a person's childhood and later in their adult life. I believe everyone, at some point in their life, is either a victim of bullying or a bully themselves. The article defines bullying as: when there are repeated acts of unprovoked aggression that are damaging psychological or physically for the victim, and where the strength of the aggressors and the victim are unequal. Scientists define three types of bullying: verbal, relational, and physical. Bullying and victimization are declared physical and psychological symptoms. They can lead to a higher prevalence of self-destructive behaviors such as smoking and alcohol use and an increased risk of psychopathology and depression, which can lead to suicidal behavior, especially among girls. Victimization in childhood is related to poorer social adaptation, unhappiness, and behavior-related problems at school as well as anxiety and social phobias in adulthood (1).
             The study done in the article was to determine the relationship of bullying behavior at school with indicators of psychosocial health (self-esteem, happiness, relationships in family and with teachers, smoking and alcohol use) along with social-demographical factors (age, gender, socioeconomically status). There were a total of 1,162 students from the 6th, 8th, and 11th grade. Students were given a 69 questionnaire. The questionnaire was based on questions used in the research of the health behavior of school-ages children in Lithuania. (1) .
             The results of the questionnaire showed that 56.5% of students in total were involved in bullying. 12.7% of those students reported being victims, while 16.3% of them reported being bullies. It was established that involvement in bullying was most associated with the following independent variables: gender, secondary school grade (6th and 8th), smoking, lower self-esteem, and teasing about appearance by family.

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