In George Orwell's classic novel "Animal Farm," Old Major's utopian vision of a farm for all animals degenerated into an autocratic dictatorship. Also, one pig was in control of it all-Napoleon Bonaparte. In the beginning, the animals wanted out of their hardship, and the cruelty humans brung them so the animals commenced a rebellion. Instead, of the animals leaving their privation and living free and peaceful, Napoleon lead them back to the same conditions.For example, working the animals the bone and not feeding them enough, just as the humans had done. Napoleon wanted absolute power so he used fear,propaganda, and lack of education to oppress the animals. .
Napoleon used violence and terror as means of control. In the beginning, Jones(ex-farm owner) overworked the animals,stole the things the animals produce, and used whips and slaughter at his own will. After the rebellion and the pigs took over they too begin to use Jones tactics to control. For example, the public executions, just like Jones, is an abuse of power and a means to strike fear into the other animal .The pigs also use threats to control the animals "You would not rob us of our repose.Surely none of you wishes to see Jones back?"(Orwell.67). The animals out of fear for their former lifestyle just comply with what is said by the pigs. Physical violence is also another stratagem Napoleon uses, by taking away a mother's puppies and turning them into bloodthirsty beasts. When Napoleon had the savage beast kill those who "communicated" with Snowball(ex-leader of the farm) brutally killed, this immediately struck fear into the animals heads. Page 83-84 said "Napoleon now called upon them to confess their crimes.When they had finished their confession, the dogs promptly tore their throats out"(Orwell).Napoleon's vile tactics were able to control the animals by fear. .
Propaganda has a positive way of uniting people, sometimes in misleading ways.