"Neuropsychologists and clinical neuropsychologists study the connection between the brain and behavior. They apply theories and principles of neuropsychology to diagnose and treat disorders of higher cerebral (brain) functioning. .
Neuropsychologists test and evaluate patients to determine if psychological processes are impairing behavior or cognitive performance" (Career Information Center 181). Basically, neuropsychologists are psychologists who have additional specialized training (Career Information Center 181). "They are not physicians but rather assess internal processes that have to do with human behavior" (Career Information Center 181).
"Like other social scientists, psychologists formulate hypothesis and collect data to test their validity. Research methods vary with the topic under study. Psychologists sometimes gather information through controlled laboratory experiments or by administering personality, performance, aptitude, or intelligence tests. Other methods include observation, interviews, questionnaires, clinical studies, and survey" (Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook 187).
Neuropsychologists and Clinical neuropsychologists normally do the following: Write or prepare detailed clinical neuropsychological or neuropsychological tests, self-report measures, rating scales, direct observations, or interviews. Read current literature, talk with colleagues, and participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in neuropsychology. Educate and supervise practicum students, psychology interns, or hospital staff. Distinguish between psychogenic and neurogenic syndromes, two or more suspected etiologies of cerebral dysfunction, or between disorders involving complex seizures. Diagnose and treat pediatric populations for conditions such as learning disability with developmental or organic bases.
Conduct neuropsychological evaluations such as assessments of intelligence, academic ability, attention, concentration, sensory-motor function, language, learning, and memory (Enhanced Occupational Outlook Handbook 187).