The Middle Ages were absolutely an age of faith.
Theology prevailed as queen of sciences and clergy influenced .
the affairs of both kings and common people. The church was definitely the most .
dominant power as a landowner, lawmaker and tax administrator. The social impact of .
medieval times" religious figures and issues was similar to the social impact of today's .
political figures and issues. Because of religious and secular reasons, people of medieval .
times considered sin, death and devil very seriously. Thus, the theologians of monastic .
schools and universities took the responsibility of defining man's religious nature and .
destiny. These theologians were learned and talented men whose reflections about the .
religion influenced many ecclesiastical laws and ordinances that governed daily life and .
popular devotional practices that consumed religious energies. My argument is that none .
of these learned men influenced medieval theology and religion more than Saint .
Augustine. What Plato and Aristotle were to medieval philosophy, Augustine was to .
medieval theology. The fundamentals of western religious thinking about sin and grace, .
predestination, the church, political power and the state shaped directly by his famous .
works "Confessions" and "City of God". Most significantly, the ideas of Augustine .
provided arguments for both sides in the major theological debates of the Middle Ages. .
Medieval history began with the fall of the Roman Empire after a century .
of military factions and sheer impoverishment, all of which left Western Europe .
powerless before barbarian invasion. In 476, Romulus Augustulus, the last western .
emperor, was deposed, and a barbarian chief took his place. By the way, 476 became the .
traditional date for the fall of the Roman Empire. Afterwards, Western civilization .
entered a period of steep cultural decline that is described as the "dark middle age" .
between classical antiquity and the "reborn" civilization of the fourteenth and fifteenth .