"From now on, this month will be the first and most important of the entire year (Exodus 12:2)." The Lord spoke these words to Moses and Aaron, referring to the month Israel was delivered from Egypt, where they had been slaves for hundreds of years. The account of the exodus involves a sting of events that all contributed to the Israelites being freed. There, however, was one catastrophic event that changed the course of Israelite history. This event was the Passover; the night the Lord passed through Egypt and took the first-born son of every household that did not obey his commands. The Passover is very significant, as this paper will reflect.
In the first verses of Exodus 12, the Lord tells Moses what will happen the night of the Passover. He also gives instructions to Moses for the people of Israel to follow so that when the Passover occurs, their houses will be passed by and theirs son's lives spared. The instructions were very specific and it was clear that they took all of the stipulations into account when preparing for the Passover.
On the fourteenth day of the month, all lambs and goats and their blood smeared on the frames to the doors of the Israelite homes. Each animal chosen was to be one-year-old male with out defect. This could have been symbolic of Christ, who was without defect, and later came and gave Himself as a sacrifice. At the time He was sacrificed, He was considered to be in His prime, much like the one-year-old lamb would have been. .
There is a question to whether the Passover was considered a sacrifice. Evidence that suggests it was thought to be so can be found in I Corinthians. Jesus Christ is referred to as "the Lamb of God." And not just any lamb, but the Passover lamb, slain for the sins of the world. The Bible says, " our Passover is sacrificed for us (I Corinthians 5:7)." This was referring to Christ. Christ gave His life so that we may live, just as the Passover animals were sacrificed to save the first-born sons of the Israelite people.