Organizational Behavior Introduction.
I would like to begin with the following quote from John F Kennedy:.
"Leaders are the ones who have the right skills and most importantly the right attitude.".
According to Robert C. Nickerson, Organizational Behavior (OB) is defined as a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization's effectiveness. .
Organizational behavior includes analysis and recommendation for an effective functioning of any organization. The core component on any organization is the structure of that organization. The structure of an organization could be classified into two different categories namely the physical arrangement structure and the other being the logical arrangement structure. In modern times, the corporations are increasingly looking at the organizational structure from a logical perspective, as information has begun to play a vital role in business.
Organizational structure usually consists of "Personnel", "Roles" and "Functions". Each person would have a role to play in the organization and has specific function to do. The efficiency of organization is determined by the collective outcome of the functioning of entire personnel in that organization. Roles could be divided into different categories like decisional roles, participation roles, management roles, technical roles, administrative roles etc. Each role needs specific skill set and has specific functions to perform. The interaction between these roles and the outcome is one of core objective of the study of organizational behavior.
Need for Organizational Behavior.
Organizations are omnipresent. Organization is a collection of people and their inter-working for a common objective. In every walk of our life we interact with people in some way or another. Yet most of us do not understand how people function, behave and interact between each other within an organization.