Mainstreaming in the Public School System.
Today's schools use two different techniques in helping children that are mental handicapped or have a learning disability. Schools across the world either have a special education class, where the schools take the mental handicapped or learning disability or place them in a class by themselves. This is where an exceptional child learns about every subject being taught to them with other exceptional children. This technique is alright, but it isolates the exceptional children from the other children. Which gives that child a sense of being outcast and inferior. The other technique is called mainstreaming. Where the school takes the exceptional child and places he or she in a regular class for the majority of the day. This technique not only gives the child a sense of belonging it also gives the child a sense of hope in beating his or hers learning disability. This paper will explain what a learning disability, what mainstreaming is, why it is important for young children and finally tell a story about my own personal experience with mainstreaming.
The biggest misconception about a learning disability child is that the child is mental retard or has suffered some form of brain damage. This is not true in most cases. Learning disability means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematics calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptional handicaps, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental asplasia. The term does not include children who have learning problems, which are primarily the result of visual, .
hearing, or motor handicaps, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage (Federal Register, 1977).