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Indian Removal

            Early in the 19th century, while the rapidly-growing United States expanded into the lower South, white settlers faced what they considered an obstacle. This area was home to the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chicasaw and Seminole nations. These Indian nations, in the view of the settlers and many other white Americans, were standing in the way of progress. Eager for land to raise cotton, the settlers pressured the federal government to acquire Indian Territory. .
             Andrew Jackson, from Tennessee, was a forceful proponent of Indian removal. He alleged a removal policy was beneficial to the Indians. From 1814 to 1824, Jackson was instrumental in negotiating nine out of eleven treaties which divested the southern tribes of their eastern lands in exchange for lands in the west. The tribes agreed to the treaties for strategic reasons. They wanted to appease the government in the hopes of retaining some of their land, and they wanted to protect themselves from white harassment. Removal would save Indian people from the depredations of whites, and would resettle them in an area where they could govern themselves in peace.
             He detained Natives could subsist themselves by agricultural labor, if they only resort to that mode of life. Arguments that promoted the removal were to put an end to all possible danger of collision between the authorities of the General and State Governments on account of the Indians. It seems now to be an established fact that they can not live in contact with a civilized community and prosper. Jackson's attitude toward Native Americans was paternalistic and patronizing -- he described them as children in need of guidance. All preceding experiments for the improvement of the Indians have failed. He argued that "their character and habits" were insubordinate to the United States'. .
             A weakness as individuals we may entertain and express our opinions of their acts, but as a Government we have as little right to control them as we have to prescribe laws for other nations.

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