There are several things to consider when diagnosing, treating, and working with a child that has ADD. Half the battle is identifying that the child has ADD. Look for six or more of these traits for at least six months to the extent that is maladaptive or developmentally inappropriate before engaging in the necessary steps in diagnosing.
1. Fails to give close attention.
2. Has difficulty in tasks or play.
3. Does not seem to listen when spoken indirectly to.
4. Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish school work, chores, and duties.
5. Difficulty in organizing tasks and activities.
6. Avoids, dislikes, or reluctant to engage in tasks requiring sustained mental effort (school/homework).
7. Loses things necessary for tasks or activities .
8. Easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.
9. Forgetful in daily activities.
After 6 or more of the items on this list have been identified for six months or more to the extent that the child is falling behind, it is vital to take the necessary steps in diagnosing a child with ADD.
Necessary Steps in Diagnosing.
A. Interview with parents.
B. Observations of and interview with the child.
C. Parent/teacher rating scales.
D. Physical/neurological exam.
F. Learning deficit measure.
G. Behaviors exhibited by ADD children.
There are steps that we can take in the classroom to help children with ADD to become successful learners. We have to understand that they might not hear us when we aren't addressing them specifically so we need to check for understanding often. Even if we just want to know that they understand the directions. Children who don't understand a lot won't ask you to repeat anything, especially if it seems like the whole class understood. They don't want to be the only one who didn't. Arrange the seating chart so that they"re close to you, in case you need to communicate with each other. If the child is taking medication for ADD make sure that they have it at school and are taking it at the appropriate times.