Edvard Munch was born on December 12, 1863, in Loten, Norway. When Edvard was only five years old, he helplessly watched his mother die of tuberculosis. Soon there after, Edvard's older sister, Sophie, hemorrhaged to death from the same disease; she was only 15 years old. His father was a stern man who died when Edvard was 27. His younger sister was diagnosed with mental illness, and his brother, Andreas, died when Evard was 32 years old. Additionally, Edvard was an alcoholic by the time he was 28; moreover, his mental health was beginning to destabilize at age 33.
Edvard had a difficult time dealing with life's tragedies. He often isolated himself from family and friends during childhood and adolescence, and continued this pattern through his adult life. He avoided interactions and forming close relationships with others. His only love relationship ended with a gun blast that blew off two of his fingers. As an adult artist, he painted reoccurring themes of his childhood nightmares and torment; however, he rarely attended any of his art exhibits. He saw life as dreadful and took no pleasure in activities. At age 42, Edvard sought treatment for his anguish at many health spas.
In the case of Munch, he would fit the profile of a person suffering from anxiety, more specifically social phobia generalized type, an Axis I disorder. He always felt shy and uncomfortable around his family and acquaintances as well as strangers. Since he has chose self-isolation through his life, beginning in late childhood, he would also meet the criteria for an Axis II; his schizoid personality disorder had been chronic. A blood vessel burst in one of his eyes and a few years prior a cyst had damaged the other, resulting in legal blindness, Edvard was added to Axis III. On Axis IV, psychosocial stress was not a symptom of his disorders but undoubtedly made them worse. Although he appeared to have no maladaptive functioning in his professional life, his personal life was only moderately adaptive.