Cummings, who was born in 1894 and died in 1962, wrote many .
poems with unconventional punctuation and capitalization, and unusual .
line, word, and even letter placements - namely, ideograms. Cummings' .
most difficult form of prose is probably the ideogram; it is extremely .
terse and it combines both visual and auditory elements. There may be .
sounds or characters on the page that cannot be verbalized or cannot .
convey the same message if pronounced and not read. Four of Cummings' .
poems - l(a, mortals), !blac, and swi( - illustrate the ideogram form .
quite well. Cummings utilizes unique syntax in these poems in order to .
convey messages visually as well as verbally.
Although one may think of l(a as a poem of sadness and .
loneliness, Cummings probably did not intend that. This poem is about.
individuality - oneness (Kid 200-1). The theme of oneness can be .
derived from the numerous instances and forms of the number '1' .
throughout the poem. First, 'l(a' contains both the number 1 and the .
singular indefinite article, 'a'; the second line contains the French .
singular definite article, 'le'; 'll' on the fifth line represents two .
ones; 'one' on the 7th line spells the number out; the 8th line, 'l', .
isolates the number; and 'iness', the last line, can mean "the state .
of being I" - that is, individuality - or "oneness", deriving the .
"one" from the lowercase roman numeral 'i' (200). Cummings could have .
simplified this poem drastically ("a leaf falls:/loneliness"), and .
still conveyed the same verbal message, but he has altered the normal .
syntax in order that each line should show a 'one' and highlight the .
theme of oneness. In fact, the whole poem is shaped like a '1' (200). .
The shape of the poem can also be seen as the path of a falling leaf; .
the poem drifts down, flipping and altering pairs of letters like a .
falling leaf gliding, back and forth, down to the ground. The .
beginning 'l(a' changes to 'le', and 'af' flips to 'fa'.
Cummings One of America's noted modern poets, Edward Estlin Cummings, was born on October 14, 1894 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Cummings became the pastor at the South Congregational Society, Unitarian, of Boston. ... Cummings was living in Paris and considered himself an artist. ... Cummings with his first glimpses of nature's wonder. ... Cummings The Poet ...
Cummings came into a very intellectual family. ... Cummings did just that. ... One of the most prolific themes of Cummings" poetry has been love. ... Cummings" many marriages. ... Cummings" ideas of marriage often align with his views on the individual. ...
Gwendolyn Brooks is a prominent African American poet of the twentieth century, and is known for her indelible impact in African American literature. Brooks was born in 1917 in Topeka, Kansas. Soon after her birth her family moved to Chicago, the city where she was associated with the rest of life...