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Sigmund Freud

            Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia, which is now in.
             He is the eldest of eight children born to Jacob and Amalie Freud. Because of the anti-semitic riots who were ragging in Freiberg, Freud's father, who was a wool merchant, lost his business and the whole family had to move to Leipzig (1859) and shortly after to Vienna where Freud spend most of his life. When he lived in Vienna, Freud had, once more, to come across anti-semitism : Jewish people had been persecuted in Europe for hundreds of years and they would often be attacked on the streets or called names. (Britannica).
             Freud was a very intelligent and hard working student, but when he left school, he .
             was not sure of what he wanted to do. At first, he decided to become a lawyer. Then, he decided to study medicine and to become a doctor, for this reason, he enrolled in the medical school of the University of Vienna (1873) and he often came top of the class. To the eyes of Freud, working hard and wanting to find out about things were the two most important qualities in life. In his 3rd year at the University, he started a research work on the central nervous system in a physiological laboratory under the direction of Ernst Wilhelm von Brucke. During this period of research, Freud neglected his courses and as a result, he remained in medical school 3 years longer than it was normally required to qualify a physician. He received his medical degree in 1881. (Britannica).
             He spent three years working at the General Hospital of Vienna - working successively to psychiatry, dermatology and to nervous diseases -. In the year 1885, he is given a government grant enabling him to spent 19 weeks in Paris to work with French neurologist Jean Charcot - director of the mental hospital, The Salpetriere - who tried to understand and treat nervous disorders, and most especially hysteria. Charcot used hypnosis to prove that the real problem of his patients was a mental one.

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