The Declaration of Independence basically stated that a new nation is being created because it is rejecting its former system of governance. The Americans or Colonists did not want to be under British rule any longer. They believe that the British were treating the citizens of the colonies unjustly by proclaiming ludicrous taxes and placing troops in a land where they are unnecessary. And The Declaration of Independence also states that the People and not the Government is ending the relationship with the British. It is the will of the people not the will of the Continental Congress or the individual colonial governments. .
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness." This sentence I think asserts that God has given each human being on Earth equal rights to life, freedom, and the ability to pursue happiness. The document goes on to say that the people have a right to remove a government from power if that be it will. If a government isn't doing its job like protecting its citizens and their rights then the people have the right to revolt and replace the government with a new one. This obviously came from the writing of John Locke who believed that the people are the true power and not the government. .
The Declaration then goes on to list all the complaints against King George III. Some of the complains were about the king didn't allow the governor to pass laws that were of great importance, how he would dissolve House Representatives whenever they opposed his invasions on peoples rights. He has abdicated the government in the colonies and by doing that is declaring that they are out of his protection and waging war on them. "He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.