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             New England became a safe refuge for separatists fleeing religious persecution in England. They were seeking a place to freely practice their beliefs. They wanted to establish a "pure" community as John Winthrop, the future governor of Massachusetts mentioned. (Doc A) Because of their string beliefs and reasons for fleeing England, the people of New England had a faith-based society. The settlers, the Puritans and Pilgrims, were both very religious peoples. They even based their government on their religious values. It was controlled by the church, and the laws were based on the Bible. The Articles of Agreement, Springfield, Massachusetts stated that the general laws were based on religion. (Doc D) Everything was done in God's name, and even wages were justified by the Bible in the Wage and Price Regulations in Connecticut (Doc E). Community was strongly enforced in the New England region. Almost all of the immigrants were families consisting of men, women, their children, and their servants. (Doc B) They established family and religious-based communities where their children were brought up in a religious atmosphere, resulting in them being loyal to the church and its laws and making them easy to control. Any deviance whatsoever was not tolerated. Those people that were out of the ordinary were either silenced or expelled from the colony. For example, Roger Williams only slightly strayed from the Puritans beliefs, but he was still expelled and had to escape to Rhode Island. The people of New England had a very distinct culture. They were against slavery, and believed that all men were equal and should be treated that way. The settlers were mostly of the middle class of society, and focused on family and religion. Their colony was rich in fish and furs and this helped the area develop into a very successful trading region.
             The Chesapeake region was exactly the opposite of that in New England.

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