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1984 vs Brave New World

            Winston Smith from 1984 and John from Brave New World find themselves similarly unable to fit into their societies because they disagree the way their government rules.
             George Orwell's 1984 was a magnified projection into the future of a present that contained Stalinism and an immediate past that had witnessed the flowering of Nazism, where the society was controlled almost exclusively by punishment and the fear of punishment. Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, which was written before the rise of Hitler to supreme power in Germany and when the Russian Tyrant had not yet got into his stride, presents a society controlled by a systematic reinforcement of desirable behavior, by many kinds of nearly non-violent manipulation, both physical and psychological, and by genetic standardization. Both novels exhibit a society where totalitarian regimes control every aspect of their people to maintain stability instead of happiness and humanity. .
             Winston Smith (1984) and John (Brave New World), the protagonists of both novels, oppose to the way their societies are ruled and dehumanized because they use reason to critic their governments. Winston's personal tendency to resist the stifling of his individuality and intellectual ability to reason about his resistance makes him desperate to understand how and why the party exercises such absolute power in Oceania through language (mind control), psychological and physical intimidation and manipulation, and the controlling of knowledge of the past. He thinks for himself and is faitful to his thinking just as a critical person will do. Winston hates the Party passionately and wants to test the limits of its power by committing innumerable crimes throughout the novel, ranging from writing "Down with Big Brother- in his diary, to having an illegal love affair with Julia, to getting himself secretly indoctrinated into the anti-Party Brotherhood. On the other hand, John, rejected both by the "savage- Indian culture and the "civilized- World State culture, is considered the ultimate outsider.

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