Reproduction, Growth and Development.
Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection Page 4.
Gamete intra fallopian transfer Page 5.
Zygote intra fallopian transfer Page 5.
Conclusion Page 6.
Appendix 1 Page 7.
Appendix 2 Page 7.
Appendix 3 Page 8.
Appendix 4 Page 8.
Appendix 5 Page 9.
Appendix 6 Page 9.
Bibliography Page 10.
Over 20% of the population wishing to conceive is faced with the problem of infertility. There are many scientific procedures that have evolved over time that attempt to deal with this problem. Following approximately 1 year of unsuccessfully attempting to conceive, many couples consult their doctor for assistance. Various tests will be conducted to determine possible reasons for infertility. If it is found that the couple are able to produce their own gametes, all be it with medical assistance, they will be presented with a number of treatment options ranging from ranging from least invasive to more involved procedures. This scientific report will discuss the following infertility treatment options available to couples who are able to produce their own gametes: ovulation induction, artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, gamete intra fallopian transfer, intra cytoplasmic sperm injection, and zygote intra fallopian transfer.
Ovulation induction refers to the use of medications to stimulate production of one or more eggs and is a treatment, which may be used for women who do not ovulate consistently, and are unable to conceive without assistance. This form of infertility may be caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (POS), excessive exercise, and hyper prolactinemia. .
Ovulation induction treatment ranges from taking Clomiphine, a small tablet that must be taken on specified days of the cycle to injections known as Gonadotrophins. Clomiphine has few side effects and as many as 50-80% of women who take this drug will ovulate, however only about half of these will achieve a pregnancy.